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Argentine Winemakers Put Water Resources And Soil Health As Top Priorities

Jacob Scott

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Durigutti Family Winemakers vineyards Durigutti Family Winemakers

Argentina is one of the fastest-growing New World wine exporters, an exciting region of diverse terroirs and highly dedicated producers. Most of the country’s vineyards surround the foothills of the Andes Mountains, extending into a range of environments including cooler southern latitudes, high-altitude sites, arid plains, and newly explored Atlantic vineyards. 

Most of the moisture supplying Argentine vineyards originates high in the Andes Mountains in the form of glaciers and melting snowfall. Many growers have noticed what seems to be a climatic change in the amount of moisture available in groundwater and for agricultural purposes. Water conservation measures are constant priorities. 

“Water is the main resource that we need to protect,” says Anne Bousquet, president of Domaine Bousquet in Gualtallary, Uco Valley, which is located in the Mendoza region. She says that water has become a limited resource, and working with restrictions means leaning on new innovations. “Water preservation is a pressing issue that we are tackling through sustainable technologies, like drip irrigation and high performance water treatment plants which reuse water from the winemaking process.”

Domaine Bousquet has utilized organic and regenerative farming since its vineyards were planted in 1999. “This allows us to preserve the quality, health and biodiversity of our soils and their ecosystems, which subsequently can absorb greater quantities of CO2 than conventionally farmed soils,” says Bousquet.

VinoDinámicos is a group of organic and biodynamic wine producers in Argentina. Mauricio Castro, of the certification body LETIS and coordinator of the VinoDinámicos group, says the collective have observed a significant decrease in snowfall over the past ten years. “The wine industry will have no choice but to improve its use of water by trying to replace flood irrigation with drip irrigation,” says Castro. He says that water consumption habits must improve, and that the water channel route between the Andes Mountains to the estates must be properly maintained. 

MORE FROM FORBES‘Biodiversity Is The Way’ In This Chilean VineyardBy Jill Barth

Juan Pablo Murgia is the winemaker at Grupo Avinea, a collection of wine brands with vineyards in Mendoza and Chubut — 355 hectares are certified organic with more in conversion. The vineyards he works with are irrigated with water from hydrological systems that depend on winter snowfall in the Andes Mountains. “Snow melts during summer feed freshwater to the rivers, and the underground aquifers,” says Murgia. “Climate change is showing a direct impact in this process, reducing the snow to a historic low, generating a long-lasting drought in the region.” His team has implemented a water-efficient drip irrigation system and monitors weather, soil, and plant parameters to optimize watering schedules.

Technology is also at use at Durigutti Family Winemakers, a family-owned company with estate vineyards and sourcing partners around Argentina. Carina Valicati is the marketing and communications director there, and she labels the misuse of water resources as “irrecoverable”.

“In our farms, and specially in Finca Victoria in Las Compuertas, where we are certified as an organic vineyard and winery, we monitor climate tendencies and how this affects soil drying,” says Valicati. Monitoring is done on a weekly basis throughout the year. The vineyard team relies on aerial and satellite images and measurements in the fields to be able to develop a record of soil conservation and irrigation efficiency. “We believe that the disponibility of accurate data is the way for a correct evaluation,” says Valicati.

“Another major challenge is to conserve soil biodiversity,” says Murgia. “Our organic practices allow our vineyards to produce healthy soil in which microfauna contribute to regulate the dynamics of soil organic matter, and soil carbon sequestration contributes to the nutrient cycling.” He shares that vineyards surrounded by biodiverse soil have greater resilience to pests and diseases.

Valicati and the team at Durigutti echo concern for rich organic matter and soil fertility, which are necessary not only for a quality wine but for cultivation of any agricultural crop. “The soils that lose their fertility begin a process of desertification that demands enormous amounts of energy to be able to reverse it.” She says that irrigation can prevent this, but that process must be feasible based on the amount of water that is available.

“Sustainability in wine production falls primarily on the pillars of soil fertility conservation and in the efficient use of water for irrigation,” says Valicati. “We understand that these factors condition the present and the future of our activity.”

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‘Moon Knight’ Took Marvel in a Different Orbit, but It Didn’t Rise to the Occasion

Jacob Scott

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Before anyone writes that off as an anomaly, “Eternals” tackled a similar introduction of a dense mythology on the bigger screen, with equally mixed results. It’s a reminder that while film-goers have had more than a decade to get to know characters like Iron Man, Captain America and Thor, introducing some of these lesser-known heroes can pose a more formidable challenge beyond catering to the most ardent fans.
For Marvel, there are warning signs in that, since “Moon Knight” will be followed by several series based on second-tier characters, although the next two on the horizon, “Ms. Marvel” (which is due in June) and “She-Hulk,” at least have the benefit of sharing franchises and name recognition with existing Avengers.
Ultimately, “Moon Knight’s” murky storytelling appeared to squander its principal assets, which included the cool look of the character — a costume that was too seldom used — and the presence of Isaac, who possesses additional genre credentials via the “Star Wars” sequels.

Taking its time in peeling back the layers of the character’s complicated backstory, “Moon Knight” took a weird plunge into the Egyptian mythology behind it, in ways that became increasingly confounding and surreal.

By the time the protagonist’s two halves, Steven Grant and Marc Spector, wound up in a psychiatric hospital talking to an anthropomorphic hippo in the penultimate chapter, the question wasn’t so much being able to keep up with the story as whether bothering to do so was worth the effort.

The sixth and final episode brought the plot to a messy close, seeking to stop the goddess Ammit from proceeding to “purify the souls of Cairo, and then the world.” In the customary credit sequence, the producers capped that off by introducing a third personality, Jake Lockley, also rooted in the comics. While that seemingly spelled the end for the show’s villain (Ethan Hawke), the finish — giving the god Khonshu the protégé he sought — paved the way for further adventures should Marvel so choose.

That last twist might be cause for celebration in narrower confines of the Marvel fan universe, but “Moon Knight” too often felt like it was one long Easter-egg sequence, conspicuously preaching to that choir.

Granted, Marvel has made clear that Disney+ offers the chance to explore different kinds of stories, but “Moon Knight” feels at best like a quirky showcase for Isaac and at worst a failed experiment in terms of execution and tone.

That doesn’t mean this “Moon” won’t somehow rise again, if the closely held streaming data justifies it. But the promise that surrounded this property has faded, providing further evidence that even Marvel isn’t immune from setbacks as it moves into its next phase.

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Start-up Pony.ai says it’s the first self-driving company to get a taxi license in China

Jacob Scott

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Autonomous driving start-up Pony.ai can collect fares for robotaxi rides in parts of two major Chinese cities as of Sunday.

Pony.ai handout

BEIJING — Self-driving start-up Pony.ai announced Sunday it received a taxi license, the first of its kind in China.

The license allows Pony.ai to operate 100 self-driving cars as traditional taxis in the Nansha district of the southern city of Guangzhou, the company said.

The Chinese start-up, which is backed by Toyota, received approval from Beijing city late last year to charge fees to operate a commercial robotaxi business in a suburban district of the city. It is not the same as a taxi licence.

Baidu’s Apollo Go also received approval in the same Beijing district last year.

Pony.ai was valued at $8.5 billion in early March. The company said its Nansha taxi license required 24 months of autonomous driving testing in China and/or other countries, and no involvement in any active liability traffic accidents, among other factors.

The start-up said it plans to launch commercial robotaxi businesses in two other large Chinese cities next year. The company is already testing self-driving cars in those cities and in California. 

Robotaxis in China currently have a human driver present for safety.

— CNBC’s Arjun Kharpal contributed to this report.

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How to watch Timberwolves vs. Grizzlies: TV channel, NBA live stream info, start time

Jacob Scott

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Who’s Playing

Memphis @ Minnesota

Current Records: Memphis 2-1; Minnesota 1-2

What to Know

The Memphis Grizzlies’ road trip will continue as they head to Target Center at 10 p.m. ET this past Saturday to face off against the Minnesota Timberwolves. Memphis will be strutting in after a win while Minnesota will be stumbling in from a loss.

The Grizzlies are hoping for another victory. They beat the Timberwolves 104-95 this past Thursday. The victory came about thanks to a strong surge after the first quarter to overcome a 39-21 deficit. Memphis’ success was spearheaded by the efforts of power forward Brandon Clarke, who had 20 points in addition to eight rebounds, and shooting guard Desmond Bane, who shot 7-for-15 from beyond the arc and finished with 26 points and six boards.

Barring any buzzer beaters, Memphis is expected to win a tight contest. They might be worth taking a chance on against the spread as they are currently on a two-game streak of ATS wins.

Memphis’ win brought them up to 2-1 while the Timberwolves’ defeat pulled them down to a reciprocal 1-2. A couple offensive stats to keep in the back of your head while watching: The Grizzlies come into the game boasting the second most points per game in the league at 115.6. But Minnesota is even better: they rank first in the league when it comes to points per game, with 115.9 on average. Tune in for what’s sure to be a high-scoring contest.

How To Watch

When: Saturday at 10 p.m. ET Where: Target Center — Minneapolis, Minnesota TV: ESPN Online streaming: fuboTV (Try for free. Regional restrictions may apply.) Follow: CBS Sports App Ticket Cost: $76.96

Odds

The Grizzlies are a slight 2.5-point favorite against the Timberwolves, according to the latest NBA odds.

The oddsmakers had a good feel for the line for this one, as the game opened with the Grizzlies as a 3-point favorite.

Over/Under: -110

See NBA picks for every single game, including this one, from SportsLine’s advanced computer model. Get picks now.

Series History

Memphis have won 19 out of their last 28 games against Minnesota.

Apr 21, 2022 – Memphis 104 vs. Minnesota 95 Apr 19, 2022 – Memphis 124 vs. Minnesota 96 Apr 16, 2022 – Minnesota 130 vs. Memphis 117 Feb 24, 2022 – Minnesota 119 vs. Memphis 114 Jan 13, 2022 – Memphis 116 vs. Minnesota 108 Nov 20, 2021 – Minnesota 138 vs. Memphis 95 Nov 08, 2021 – Memphis 125 vs. Minnesota 118 May 05, 2021 – Memphis 139 vs. Minnesota 135 Apr 02, 2021 – Memphis 120 vs. Minnesota 108 Jan 13, 2021 – Memphis 118 vs. Minnesota 107 Jan 07, 2020 – Memphis 119 vs. Minnesota 112 Dec 01, 2019 – Memphis 115 vs. Minnesota 107 Nov 06, 2019 – Memphis 137 vs. Minnesota 121 Mar 23, 2019 – Minnesota 112 vs. Memphis 99 Feb 05, 2019 – Memphis 108 vs. Minnesota 106 Jan 30, 2019 – Minnesota 99 vs. Memphis 97 Nov 18, 2018 – Memphis 100 vs. Minnesota 87 Apr 09, 2018 – Minnesota 113 vs. Memphis 94 Mar 26, 2018 – Memphis 101 vs. Minnesota 93 Dec 04, 2017 – Memphis 95 vs. Minnesota 92 Feb 04, 2017 – Memphis 107 vs. Minnesota 99 Nov 19, 2016 – Memphis 93 vs. Minnesota 71 Nov 01, 2016 – Minnesota 116 vs. Memphis 80 Oct 26, 2016 – Memphis 102 vs. Minnesota 98 Mar 16, 2016 – Minnesota 114 vs. Memphis 108 Feb 19, 2016 – Memphis 109 vs. Minnesota 104 Jan 23, 2016 – Minnesota 106 vs. Memphis 101 Nov 15, 2015 – Memphis 114 vs. Minnesota 106

Injury Report for Minnesota

No Injury Information

Injury Report for Memphis

Dillon Brooks: Game-Time Decision (Foot) Santi Aldama: Out (Knee) Killian Tillie: Out (Knee)

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