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This National Energy Conservation Day, a look at India’s efforts towards renewable energy

Jacob Scott

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While energy conservation requires individual effort, here’s a look at India’s macro efforts of undertaking renewable and sustainable energy production.

National Energy Conservation Day 2021: India marks December 14 as National Energy Conservation Day, and therefore, today is an important day to talk about energy conservation and the need for renewable energy. Energy conservation refers to the efforts made to ensure that energy is used efficiently by either using less energy for a particular constant purpose – like switching off lights and fans when not being used – or reducing the use of a particular service that uses energy – like driving less and using public transport instead. Energy conservation is a conscious, individual effort, and at a macro level, it leads to energy efficiency. The end goal of energy conservation is to reach towards sustainable energy.

In the energy hierarchy aiming to reach a stage of sustainable energy, energy efficiency is the second priority while sustainable energy production is the third priority. For an overall energy efficiency, sustainable or renewable sources of energy are important to be adopted. In totality, to reach the goal of sustainable energy for a better environment, a multi-pronged approach is required. A similar approach is being used in many European nations as well, because energy conservation and renewable energy need to go hand in hand to minimise the ill-effects of energy consumption and production on the environment.

While energy conservation requires individual effort, here’s a look at India’s macro efforts of undertaking renewable and sustainable energy production.

Current scenario of power sector in India

To understand the scenario of the power sector in India, Financial Express Online spoke to Abhishek Nath, Sector Head – Energy & Power sector at the Center for Study of Science, Technology and Policy (CSTEP), a Bengaluru-based think tank working towards sustainability. He said, “India is the third-largest electricity producer in the world. The nation has added an overall capacity of about 392 GW into its electricity grid, as of November 2021. Thermal, nuclear, and renewable energy systems are the major sources for generating India’s electricity. The installed power generation capacities for thermal, nuclear, and renewable energy technologies hold shares of 60% (234.69 GW), 2% (6.78 GW), and 38% (150.54 GW), respectively.”

Renewable energy in India

According to data collected by IBEF from various rankings and sources, the renewable energy sector in India is the fourth most attractive renewable energy market globally. Apart from that, in terms of wind energy installation capacity, India was ranked fourth, while it was placed fifth in solar energy installation capacity. The overall renewable energy installation capacity of India placed it at the fourth position in 2020.

“India has achieved a milestone by crossing 150 GW of renewable energy (RE) capacity. As of November 2021, the overall RE installed capacity stood at 150.54 GW against the ambitious RE target of 175 GW by 2022 and 450 GW by 2030,” Nath said.

Installed capacity in India: How much thermal and renewable energy is installed in India?

The Union Ministry of Power’s Central Electricity Authority releases a monthly report on installed capacity in India. As per the November 2021 report, India has a total installed capacity of 392.01 GW. Of this, thermal energy accounts for 234.69 GW. Thermal energy capacity is further divided into coal energy (202.66 GW), lignite energy (6.62 GW), gas energy (24.89 GW) and diesel energy (0.51 GW). Nuclear energy capacity in India stands at 6780 MW or 6.78 GW).

Renewable energy capacity in India stands at 150.54 GW, of which large hydro energy accounts for 46.51 GW, small hydro projects account for 4.83 GW, wind power for 40.03 GW, solar energy for 48.56 GW, biomass power or cogeneration for 10.17 GW and waste to energy for 0.43 GW.

“The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has set an ambitious RE target of 175 GW by 2022, which is further extended to 450 GW by 2030 to promote the use of solar, wind, and hydro energy. Additionally, MNRE has taken several initiatives (as explained below) to accelerate the growth of RE sources, thereby reducing the dependency on fossil fuels,” Nath said, talking about the steps India is taking to switch to more sustainable methods of energy.

Steps taken by India to promote renewable energy

Talking about the measures for promoting solar energy, Nath said, “Several schemes have been launched to boost the growth of solar energy across the nation, such as the Solar Park Scheme, VGF Schemes, CPSU Scheme, Defence Scheme, Canal Bank & Canal Top Scheme, Bundling Scheme, and Grid Connected Solar Rooftop Scheme. Along with these schemes, different policy measures have also been announced such as the declaration of trajectory for Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) including solar, waiver of inter-state transmission system (ISTS) charges, wavier of losses for inter-state sale of solar and wind energy, particularly for the projects to be executed up to March 2022, must run status, issuance of guidelines for purchase of solar energy through a tariff-based competitive bidding procedure, standards for the deployment of solar photovoltaic systems, provision for rooftop solar and guidelines for the development of smart cities, amendments in building bye-laws for the mandatory provision of rooftop solar for the new constructions, infrastructure status for solar projects, raising tax-free solar bonds, and providing loans for a long period from multilateral agencies.”

“Wind projects have been promoted across the country through private sector investment by offering financial incentives such as accelerated depreciation (AD) benefits. Apart from this, the generation based incentive (GBI) scheme was also available for projects commissioned before 31 March 2017. Additionally, the Government has started other initiatives such as providing technical support comprising wind resource assessment and identification of suitable locations with the help of the National Institute of Wind Energy (NIWE), Chennai, wavier of the inter-state transmission charges and losses for the wind projects to be commissioned by March 2022, and issuance of guidelines for the purchase of wind energy through a tariff-based competitive bidding procedure,” he added.

As far as the hydro energy is concerned, he said, “The Government is providing different physical and financial incentives to attract investments in the commercial small hydro projects (SHPs), apart from subsidising the state governments to set up SHPs. Also, MNRE is strongly focusing on encouraging the use of innovative and effective designs of water mills for electricity generation and implementation of micro hydel projects up to 100 KW for rural electrification. These projects are executed by involving local organisations such as water mill associations, cooperative societies, registered NGOs, village energy cooperatives, and state nodal agencies.”

Future of renewable energy power in India

A research by Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) last year said that India’s renewable energy capacity could be sufficient to meet most of the energy needs in the country by 2040, which would lead to a reduction in emissions as well as costs. It said that 80% of the anticipated energy demand in India in 2040 could be met with renewable energy, and at that stage, the carbon dioxide emissions would reduce by 85%. Moreover, the overall cost for power has also been estimated to decline by US$50 billion.

“RE could play a major role in decarbonising India’s energy and power sector as costs of RE systems are falling and the technology is continuously improving. The government is cooperative, and there are tremendous opportunities for investment. However, to accelerate the adoption of RE, the government would have to consider several factors such as developing favourable policy regimes and regulatory frameworks, providing financial incentives and capital subsidies, and streamlining approvals and clearance procedures through a single-window clearance mechanism,” Nath added.

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‘Moon Knight’ Took Marvel in a Different Orbit, but It Didn’t Rise to the Occasion

Jacob Scott

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Before anyone writes that off as an anomaly, “Eternals” tackled a similar introduction of a dense mythology on the bigger screen, with equally mixed results. It’s a reminder that while film-goers have had more than a decade to get to know characters like Iron Man, Captain America and Thor, introducing some of these lesser-known heroes can pose a more formidable challenge beyond catering to the most ardent fans.
For Marvel, there are warning signs in that, since “Moon Knight” will be followed by several series based on second-tier characters, although the next two on the horizon, “Ms. Marvel” (which is due in June) and “She-Hulk,” at least have the benefit of sharing franchises and name recognition with existing Avengers.
Ultimately, “Moon Knight’s” murky storytelling appeared to squander its principal assets, which included the cool look of the character — a costume that was too seldom used — and the presence of Isaac, who possesses additional genre credentials via the “Star Wars” sequels.

Taking its time in peeling back the layers of the character’s complicated backstory, “Moon Knight” took a weird plunge into the Egyptian mythology behind it, in ways that became increasingly confounding and surreal.

By the time the protagonist’s two halves, Steven Grant and Marc Spector, wound up in a psychiatric hospital talking to an anthropomorphic hippo in the penultimate chapter, the question wasn’t so much being able to keep up with the story as whether bothering to do so was worth the effort.

The sixth and final episode brought the plot to a messy close, seeking to stop the goddess Ammit from proceeding to “purify the souls of Cairo, and then the world.” In the customary credit sequence, the producers capped that off by introducing a third personality, Jake Lockley, also rooted in the comics. While that seemingly spelled the end for the show’s villain (Ethan Hawke), the finish — giving the god Khonshu the protégé he sought — paved the way for further adventures should Marvel so choose.

That last twist might be cause for celebration in narrower confines of the Marvel fan universe, but “Moon Knight” too often felt like it was one long Easter-egg sequence, conspicuously preaching to that choir.

Granted, Marvel has made clear that Disney+ offers the chance to explore different kinds of stories, but “Moon Knight” feels at best like a quirky showcase for Isaac and at worst a failed experiment in terms of execution and tone.

That doesn’t mean this “Moon” won’t somehow rise again, if the closely held streaming data justifies it. But the promise that surrounded this property has faded, providing further evidence that even Marvel isn’t immune from setbacks as it moves into its next phase.

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Start-up Pony.ai says it’s the first self-driving company to get a taxi license in China

Jacob Scott

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Autonomous driving start-up Pony.ai can collect fares for robotaxi rides in parts of two major Chinese cities as of Sunday.

Pony.ai handout

BEIJING — Self-driving start-up Pony.ai announced Sunday it received a taxi license, the first of its kind in China.

The license allows Pony.ai to operate 100 self-driving cars as traditional taxis in the Nansha district of the southern city of Guangzhou, the company said.

The Chinese start-up, which is backed by Toyota, received approval from Beijing city late last year to charge fees to operate a commercial robotaxi business in a suburban district of the city. It is not the same as a taxi licence.

Baidu’s Apollo Go also received approval in the same Beijing district last year.

Pony.ai was valued at $8.5 billion in early March. The company said its Nansha taxi license required 24 months of autonomous driving testing in China and/or other countries, and no involvement in any active liability traffic accidents, among other factors.

The start-up said it plans to launch commercial robotaxi businesses in two other large Chinese cities next year. The company is already testing self-driving cars in those cities and in California. 

Robotaxis in China currently have a human driver present for safety.

— CNBC’s Arjun Kharpal contributed to this report.

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How to watch Timberwolves vs. Grizzlies: TV channel, NBA live stream info, start time

Jacob Scott

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Who’s Playing

Memphis @ Minnesota

Current Records: Memphis 2-1; Minnesota 1-2

What to Know

The Memphis Grizzlies’ road trip will continue as they head to Target Center at 10 p.m. ET this past Saturday to face off against the Minnesota Timberwolves. Memphis will be strutting in after a win while Minnesota will be stumbling in from a loss.

The Grizzlies are hoping for another victory. They beat the Timberwolves 104-95 this past Thursday. The victory came about thanks to a strong surge after the first quarter to overcome a 39-21 deficit. Memphis’ success was spearheaded by the efforts of power forward Brandon Clarke, who had 20 points in addition to eight rebounds, and shooting guard Desmond Bane, who shot 7-for-15 from beyond the arc and finished with 26 points and six boards.

Barring any buzzer beaters, Memphis is expected to win a tight contest. They might be worth taking a chance on against the spread as they are currently on a two-game streak of ATS wins.

Memphis’ win brought them up to 2-1 while the Timberwolves’ defeat pulled them down to a reciprocal 1-2. A couple offensive stats to keep in the back of your head while watching: The Grizzlies come into the game boasting the second most points per game in the league at 115.6. But Minnesota is even better: they rank first in the league when it comes to points per game, with 115.9 on average. Tune in for what’s sure to be a high-scoring contest.

How To Watch

When: Saturday at 10 p.m. ET Where: Target Center — Minneapolis, Minnesota TV: ESPN Online streaming: fuboTV (Try for free. Regional restrictions may apply.) Follow: CBS Sports App Ticket Cost: $76.96

Odds

The Grizzlies are a slight 2.5-point favorite against the Timberwolves, according to the latest NBA odds.

The oddsmakers had a good feel for the line for this one, as the game opened with the Grizzlies as a 3-point favorite.

Over/Under: -110

See NBA picks for every single game, including this one, from SportsLine’s advanced computer model. Get picks now.

Series History

Memphis have won 19 out of their last 28 games against Minnesota.

Apr 21, 2022 – Memphis 104 vs. Minnesota 95 Apr 19, 2022 – Memphis 124 vs. Minnesota 96 Apr 16, 2022 – Minnesota 130 vs. Memphis 117 Feb 24, 2022 – Minnesota 119 vs. Memphis 114 Jan 13, 2022 – Memphis 116 vs. Minnesota 108 Nov 20, 2021 – Minnesota 138 vs. Memphis 95 Nov 08, 2021 – Memphis 125 vs. Minnesota 118 May 05, 2021 – Memphis 139 vs. Minnesota 135 Apr 02, 2021 – Memphis 120 vs. Minnesota 108 Jan 13, 2021 – Memphis 118 vs. Minnesota 107 Jan 07, 2020 – Memphis 119 vs. Minnesota 112 Dec 01, 2019 – Memphis 115 vs. Minnesota 107 Nov 06, 2019 – Memphis 137 vs. Minnesota 121 Mar 23, 2019 – Minnesota 112 vs. Memphis 99 Feb 05, 2019 – Memphis 108 vs. Minnesota 106 Jan 30, 2019 – Minnesota 99 vs. Memphis 97 Nov 18, 2018 – Memphis 100 vs. Minnesota 87 Apr 09, 2018 – Minnesota 113 vs. Memphis 94 Mar 26, 2018 – Memphis 101 vs. Minnesota 93 Dec 04, 2017 – Memphis 95 vs. Minnesota 92 Feb 04, 2017 – Memphis 107 vs. Minnesota 99 Nov 19, 2016 – Memphis 93 vs. Minnesota 71 Nov 01, 2016 – Minnesota 116 vs. Memphis 80 Oct 26, 2016 – Memphis 102 vs. Minnesota 98 Mar 16, 2016 – Minnesota 114 vs. Memphis 108 Feb 19, 2016 – Memphis 109 vs. Minnesota 104 Jan 23, 2016 – Minnesota 106 vs. Memphis 101 Nov 15, 2015 – Memphis 114 vs. Minnesota 106

Injury Report for Minnesota

No Injury Information

Injury Report for Memphis

Dillon Brooks: Game-Time Decision (Foot) Santi Aldama: Out (Knee) Killian Tillie: Out (Knee)

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